TRADE (GENERALISED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES) ACT

TRADE (GENERALISED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES) ACT

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION

1. Appointment of certifying authority.

2. Verification of application and issue of certificate.

3. Power to require supply of further information.

4. Regulations.

5. Offences.

6. Interpretation.

7. Short title.

TRADE (GENERALISED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES) ACT

An Act to appoint the Nigerian Customs Service as the certifying authority in Nigeria in respect of goods exported from Nigeria and intended to benefit under the Generalised System of Preferences of the United Nations Conferences on Trade and Development.

[1973 No.8.]

[15th February, 1973]

[Cornmencernent.]

1. Appointment of certifying authority

The Nigerian Customs Service (in this Act referred to as “the Service”) is hereby ap-pointed as the certifying authority in Nigeria for the purposes of certification of goods exported from Nigeria under the Generalised System of Preferences of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

2. Verification of application and issue of certificate

The Service shall on application therefor on the prescribed form by an exporter, and if satisfied after inspection and valuation of the goods in respect of which the application is made as to the correctness of the matters stated in the application, issue a certificate in the prescribed form-

(a) stating the value of the goods; and

(b) certifying that the goods satisfy the rules of origin requirements specified by the country to which the goods are to be exported.

3. Power to require supply of further information

The Service may, for the purposes of section 2 of this Act, require any exporter to furnish to the Service either orally or in such form as the Service may require, such in- formation as in the opinion of the Service are necessary for the purposes of certification under this Act, and to produce any book of account or other document of whatever nature relating to the sale by the exporter of the goods concerned.

4. Regulations

(1) The Minister may make such regulations as may be required from time to time for carrying into effect the object of this Act and, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, he may by regulations prescribe-

(a) the form in which applications are to be made under this Act and the documents to accompany such applications;

(b) the form of the certificate to be issued under this Act;

(c) the fees to be paid for the issue of certificates.

(2) The Minister may by order published in the Federal Gazette delegate to the Serv- ice the power to make regulations with respect to any of the matters mentioned in sub- section (1) of this section but nothing in such order shall be construed as precluding the Minister from making regulations with respect to any such matters.

5. Offences

(1) If any person-

(a) makes or signs or causes to be made or signed or delivers or causes to be de- livered to the Service any declaration or document pursuant to any provision of this Act; or

(b) makes or gives any information or statement to the Service pursuant to section 3 of this Act, which he knows to be false or untrue in any material particular, he shall be guilty of an

offence and liable upon conviction to a tine of N 400 or imprisonment for a term of two

years, or in the case of a second or subsequent offence to a fine of N I ,000 or imprisonment for a term of five years.

(2) If any person-

(a) alters any document after it has been issued under or pursuant to this Act; or

(b) counterfeits any seal of the Service or signature, initials or other mark of any official of the Nigerian Customs Service for the certitication of such a document,

he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine of N 1,000 or imprisonment for a term of five years.

(3) Where an offence under this Act committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or attributable to any neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or other official of the body corporate, or any person purporting to act in any such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be

deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

6. Interpretation

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

“Service” means the Nigerian Customs Service established under the Nigerian Customs Service Board Act;

(Cap. N I 00.]

“Minister” means the Minister charged with responsibility for trade.

7. Short title

This Act may be cited as the Trade (Generalised System of Preferences) Act.

TRADE (GENERALlSED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES) ACT

SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

List of Subsidiary Legislation

1. Trade (Generalised System of Preferences) Regulations.

2.Trade (Generalised System of Preferences) (Delegation) Order.

TRADE (GENERALISED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES) REGULA TIONS

[L.N. 4 of 1974.]

under section 4

1. Scheduled countries

[Cornmencernent.]

[5th February, 1974]

( 1) Subject to paragraph (2) of this regulation, a certi ficate of origi n (in these Regulations referred to as “certificate”) for export of goods from Nigeria for the purposes of

the Trade (Generalised System of Preferences) Act shall be issued by the Nigerian Customs Service (in these Regulations referred to as “the Service”) for the export of those goods to the countries set out in the First Schedule to these Regulations.

(Cap. T11.]

(2) The Service may by order published in the Federal Gazette add to or remove from the list countries set out in the said First Schedule.

[First Schedule.]

2. Criteria for conferring origin

(1) Subject to paragraph (2) of this regulation, a certificate may be issued only in respect of–

(a) goods wholly produced in Nigeria; or

(b) goods manufactured wholly or partly from imported materials and components which have undergone a substantial transformation in Nigeria as a result of which the product obtained receives a new classification under the Brussels Tariff Nomenclature heading different from that of each of the component materials processed.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1) of this regulation-

(a) operations consisting of one or more of the following processes (even if such

operations result in a product with a different tariff heading from the component materials processed) shall not be regarded as conferring Nigerian origin

on the goods so produced, that is to say-

(i) packing and repacking, wherever the packing material may have been produced;

(ii) splitting up into lots;

(iii) sorting, grading, washing, sub-dividing by cutting and bottling;

(iv) labelling and marking;

(v) operations intended for the preservation of goods in transit or for storage;

(vi) putting up into sets; or

(vii) mixing of products of different origins where the characteristics of the

resultant products are not essentially different from those of the products which had been mixed;

(b) The following shall be deemed to have been wholly produced in Nigeria, that is to say-

(i) mineral products extracted from Nigerian soil or sea-bed;

(ii) vegetable products grown and harvested in Nigeria;

(iii) live animals born and raised in Nigeria and products obtained from such animals;

(iv) products obtained from hunting or fishing conducted in Nigeria;

(v) goods produced on board a Nigeria-owned factory ship exclusively

from materials obtained by fishing conducted within Nigerian territorial waters;

(vi) waste and scrap materials from goods wholly produced in Nigeria where such materials have resulted from manufacturing operations conducted in Nigeria; and

(vii) used articles fit only for the recovery of raw materials which articles have been collected in Nigeria.

3. Form and procedure for application

(1) Application for a certificate under regulation I shall be in Forms A and B in the Second Schedule to these Regulations and shall be signed by-

[Second Schedule.]

(a) the actual exporter if an individual; or

(b) a partner in the case of a partnership; or

(c) a director or secretary in the case of a body corporate.

(2) No declaration shall be made by an agent of an exporter.

(3) The forms referred to in regulation 3 (1) of these Regulations shall be accompanied by the following documents-

(a) in respect of goods wholly produced in Nigeria, a copy of each invoice relevant to the materials used in the manufacture; and

(b) in respect of goods manufactured partly from imported materials, a duly signed declaration giving a breakdown of the costs (ex-works and F.O.B.) of such imported materials.

4. Places designated for the issue of certificates

For the purposes of these Regulations, the customs houses specified in the Third Schedule to these Regulations are hereby designated to be the only places in Nigeria at which a certificate may be issued.

[Third Schedule.]

5. Retrospective issue of certificates

(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of regulation 3 (1) of these Regulations, a certifying officer may issue a certificate in respect of goods which have already been exported

if within a period of four months after the date of such exportation the exporter submits

an application on Forms A and B referred to in the said regulation 3 (1) of these Regulations to the certifying officer and then states-

(a) the place and date of exportation; and

(b) full details as to the nature, quantity, type of packaging and markings of the goods showing the date and number of the export Bill of Entry; and

(c) the fact that no certificate was issued at the time of exportation and giving reason therefor.

(2) Any certificate issued under the provisions of paragraph (1) of this regulation shall have endorsed thereon the words “Issued Retrospectively”.

6. Replacement of lost or damaged certificate

Where a certificate has been lost or damaged a certifying officer may on application being made to him issue a duplicate copy of such certificate and endorse thereon the word “DUPLICATE”.

7. Fees

The following fees shall be payable-

(a) for the issue of a certificate (including a retrospective certificate) N2; and

(b) for the issue of a duplicate certificate under the provisions of regulation 6 of these Regulations, N I.

8. Short-loaded goods

Where a certificate has been issued in respect of any goods and for any reason what- ever such goods are not exported in one consignment no additional certificate shall be required when the goods so short-loaded are being exported if the exporter declares on the post export Bill of Entry the fact that a certificate had been issued in respect of a consignment of which the goods so sought to be exported form a part.

9. Exemptions

(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of regulation 3 (1) of these Regulations the Serv- ice may, from time to time and for such periods as the Service may specify, exempt any exporter from complying with the provisions of the said paragraph where such exporter is shown to export goods regularly under the Generalised System of Preferences Scheme.

(2) Any application for exemption made pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (1) of this regulation shall be submitted in duplicate to the area administrator in charge of the appropriate custom house designated under regulation 4 of these Regulations stating-

(a) the full names of the applicant including trading names; and

(b) Brussels Tariff Nomenclature heading, and description of the product sought to be exported; and

(c) Brussels Tariff Nomenclature heading, tariff description and the country of origin of any imported materials used in the manufacture of the product sought to be exported; and

(d) value of such imported materials expressed as a percentage of-

(i) the ex-factory price; and

(ii) the F.O.B. price.

(3) An applicant whose application under paragraph (1) of this regulation has been

approved shall on all subsequent applications for a certificate quote the Service’s reference as shown in the letter of approval.

10. Verification of declarations

For the purpose of verifying the declarations made on Forms A and B by an applicant, a certifying officer or any other officer authorised in that behalf by the Board, may con- duct an inspection of the premises in which the goods sought to be exported are manu- factured and such inspection may include an examination of the manufacturer’s or ex- porter’s books of accounts (including invoices, bills of lading and all other documents) or manufacturing processes.

[Forms A and B.]

11. Interpretation

In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires-

“certifying officer” means any officer of the Board designated for the purpose of is- suing a certificate of origin issuing under these Regulations;

“certificate” means a certificate of origin issued pursuant to regulation 1 (1) of these Regulations;

“Service” means the Nigerian Customs Service established under the Nigerian Customs Service Board Act;

[Cap. NIOO.]

“Nigeria” includes-

(a) Nigerian territorial waters; and

(b) ships on the high seas, fishing vessels and factory ships where such ships are-

(i) registered in Nigeria with the Federal Ministry of Transport; or

(ii) carrying the Nigerian flag; or

(iii) held to the extent of sixty-four per cent of its shares, in respect of each ship, by Nigerian nationals, company or firm;

“wholly produced” means goods produced in Nigeria which fall within a description of goods which is accepted as “wholly produced” under the rules prescribed in the country of destination concerned.

12. Short title

These Regulations may be cited as the Trade (Generalised System of Preferences) Regulations.

1. Austria;

2. Australia;

FIRST SCHEDULE

[Regulation 1 (1) and (2).]

Scheduled countries

3. Any country which for the time being is a member of the European Economic Community;

4. Finland;

5. Japan;

6. Norway;

7. New Zealand;

8. Switzerland;

 

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