STANDARDS ORGANISATION OF NIGERIA ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
Standards Organisation of Nigeria
1. Establishment of the Standards Organisation of Nigeria.
2. Power of the Minister to give directives to the Organisation.
3. The Standards Council of Nigeria.
4. Functions of the Council, etc.
5. Functions of the Organisation.
6. Standards library.
7. Power to charge for services.
8. Qualification and experience of Director-General.
9. Director-General to be administrative head of Organisation.
10. Special responsibilities of the Director-General.
11. Number of Directors and their duties.
Nigerian Industrial Standards, etc.
12. Procedure for establishment of industrial standards.
13. Standards to be known as Nigerian Industrial Standards.
14. Certification marks.
15. Offences in relation to standards.
16. Power of the Minister to declare established standards as binding.
17. Power of Director-General in relation to hazardous products.
18. Power to enter premises and obtain information.
20. Offences by bodies corporate.
Miscellaneous and supplementary
21 . Reports.
22. Power to make test purchases.
23. Power to make rules.
25. Short title.
Supplementary provisions relating to the Council
An Act to establish the Standards Organisation of Nigeria to standardise methods and products in Nigerian industries and to provide for other matters connected thereto.
[1971 No. 56. 1976 No. 20. 1984 No. 32. 1990 No. 18.]
[1st January, 1970]
Standards Organisation of Nigeria
1. Establishment of the Standards Organisation of Nigeria
(1) There is hereby established a body to be known as the Standards Organisation of Nigeria.
[1990 No. 18.]
(2) The Organisation shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal, and may sue and be sued in its corporate name.
(3) The Organisation shall consist of-
(a) Director-General of Standards;
(c) Secretary of the Organisation; and
(d) such other staff as may be required to assist the Director-General in the per- formance of the duties of the Organisation under this Act.
[1990 No. 18.]
(4) The Director-General shall be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Minister.
[1990 No. 18.]
(5) The appointment, remunerations and other conditions of service of the Directors and other staff of the Organisation shall be as determined or prescribed by the Council after consultation with the Federal Civil Service Commission.
[1990 No. 18.]
2. Power of the Minister to give directives to the Organisation
(l) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Minister may give general or special di- rectives to the Organisation and it shall be the duty of the Organisation to comply with and give effect to any such directives.
(2) The Organisation shall give to the Minister such information and returns relating to its activities as the Minister may, from time to time, require.
[1990 No. 18.]
3. The Standards Council of Nigeria
(1) There shall be as the governing body of the Organisation a council to be known as the Standards Council of Nigeria.
(2) The provisions of the Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the constitution and procedure of the Council and the other matters therein mentioned.
4. Functions of the Council, etc.
(1) The functions of the Council shall be-
(a) to advise the Federal Government generally on the national policy on stan- dards, standards specifications, quality control and metrology;
(b) to designate, establish and approve standards in respect of metrology, materi- als, commodities, structures and processes for the certification of products in commerce and industry throughout Nigeria;
(c) to provide the necessary measures for quality control of raw materials and products in conformity with the standard specification;
(d) to determine the overall policy of the Organisation, in particular with regard to
the financial, operational, and administrative programmes of the Organisation and to ensure the implementation of the said policy; and
(e) to carry out other functions imposed on it under this Act or any other written law.
(2) Subject to this Act, the Minister may give the Council directions of a general character or relating generally to particular matters (but not to any individual or case) with regard to the exercise by the Council of its functions, and it shall be the duty of the Council to comply with the directions.
5. Functions of the Organisation
(1) Subject to subsection (1) of section 4, the Organisation shall carry out the fol- lowing functions, that is-
(a) to organise tests and do everything necessary to ensure compliance with stan- dards designated and approved by the Council;
(b) to undertake investigations as necessary into the quality of facilities, materials and products in Nigeria, and establish a quality assurance system including certification of factories, products and laboratories;
(c) to ensure reference standards for calibration and verification of measures and
(d) to compile an inventory of products requiring standardisation;
(e) to compile Nigerian standards specifications;
(f) to foster interest in the recommendation and maintenance of acceptable stan- dards by industry and the general public; (
(g) to develop methods for testing of materials, supplies and equipment including items purchased for use of departments of the Government of the Federation or a State and private establishments;
(h) to register and regulate standards marks and specifications;
(i) to undertake preparation and distribution of standards samples;
(j) to establish and maintain such number of laboratories or other institutions as may be necessary for the performance of its functions under this Act;
(k) to compile and publish general scientific or other data-
(i) resulting from the performance of its functions under this Act; or
(ii) from other sources when such data are of importance to scientific or manufacturing interests or to the general public and are not available elsewhere;
(l) to advise departments of the Government of the Federation or a State on spe- cific problems relative to standards specifications:
(m) to sponsor such national and international conferences as it may consider ap- propriate;
(n) to co-ordinate all activities relative to its functions throughout Nigeria and to co-operate with corresponding national or international organisations in such fields of activity as it considers necessary with a view to securing uniformity in standards specifications; and
(0) to undertake any other activity likely to assist in the performance of the func- tions imposed on it under this Act.
(2) The Organisation shall undertake such research as may be necessary for the per- formance of its functions under this Act and for that purpose it shall have power to make use of research facilities available in other institutions, whether public or private upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon between the Organisation and the in- stitution concerned.
6. Standards library
The Organisation shall assemble, maintain and extend a collection of books and pub- lications and such other matter as it considers appropriate for a standards library of the highest standing and may make the facilities of the library available to such categories of persons as it thinks fit and upon such terms and conditions as it considers necessary.
7. Power to charge for services
For all comparisons, tests or investigations performed by the Organisation under this Act, except those performed for the Government of the Federation or a State, or such other public bodies or institutions as may be approved by the Council, a fee sufficient in each case to compensate the Organisation for the entire cost of the service rendered shall be charged according to a scale specified in rules made for that purpose by the Council.
Qualification and experience of Director-General
Any person who may be appointed as the Director-General shall have such qualifica- tions and experience as are appropriate for a person required to perform the functions conferred on the Director-General by or under this Act.
[1990 No. 18.]
9. Director-General to be administrative head of Organisation
The Director-General shall be the chief executive of the Organisation and, subject to the Council’s directives on financial, operational and administrative programmes, he shall be free to manage the Organisation in accordance with this Act and the Council shall not interfere with his methods or with the manner in which he employs the material and hu- man resources of the Organisation in order to obtain results in accordance with this Act.
[1990 No. 18.]
10. Special responsibilities of the Director-General
Without prejudice to the generality of section 9 of this Act, the Director-General shall have responsibility for-
(a) advising the Council in the formulation, implementation and review of national policies and programmes pertaining to standardisation, quality control of pro- ducts, science of measurement and all matters relating to metrology;
(b) co-ordinating the activities of the Directors appointed under this Act;
(c) initiating the investigations to be conducted by the Organisation pursuant to the powers conferred by section 5 (l) (b) of this Act;
(d) representing the Organisation at national and international levels in all maters relating to standardisation, quality control and metrology; and
(e) enforcing standards and discharging the powers and duties of the Organisation. [1990 No. 18.]
11. Number of Directors and their duties
The number of Directors to be appointed pursuant to this Act shall be determined by the Council but such Directors shall be responsible to the Director-General and shall carry out such duties as may be determined by the Director-General.
[1990 No. 18.1
Nigerian Industrial Standards, etc.
12. Procedure for establishment of industrial standards
(1) Whenever the Council intends to establish industrial standards in pursuance of subsection (1) (b) of section 4 of this Act, it shall do so in accordance with the provisions of this section.
(2) Before establishing any industrial standard in pursuance of this section, the Coun- cil shall-
(a) inform all parties having, in its opinion, substantial interests in the industrial standard in question;
(b) thereafter constitute a committee to inquire into all the relevant aspect of the matter and make a report thereon,
and in constituting the said committee, the Council shall ensure as wide a representation on the committee as possible including, where appropriate, representatives of the parties herein referred to.
(3) After considering the report of the committee, the Council may establish the in- dustrial standard if, in its opinion, that standard is of significance to the national economy and otherwise conforms with the objectives of this Act.
(4) The Council shall, in order to ensure that any industrial standard established un- der this section is still appropriate, have it reviewed from time to time and at least not less than once in every three years.
(5) The Council shall have power to revise or revoke any industrial standard estab- lished under this section, and for that purpose, subsections (2) and (3) of this section shall apply in relation to the revision or revocation of an industrial standard as they apply in relation to the establishment thereof.
13. Standards to be known as Nigerian Industrial Standards
(1) The industrial standards established in pursuance of section 12 of this Act shall be called Nigerian Industrial Standards.
(2) Industrial standards other than those established in pursuance of section 12 of this Act shall not be called Nigerian Industrial Standards.
14. Certification marks
(1) Where the Council, after the receipt of the report of a committee set up in accor- dance with the provisions of subsection (2) of section 12 of this Act, is satisfied that an item of manufacture is of particular importance or significance to the national economy, it may permit the manufacturer thereof (in this Act referred to as the “permitted manu- facturer”) to affix a special certification mark showing that the item of manufacture is one of those falling under the Nigerian Industrial Standards.
(2) The Council may charge such fee as it thinks appropriate for every permit issued under this section.
(3) The Council may revise, reallocate or revoke any permit issued under subsec- tion (l) of this section in accordance with the procedure laid down in that subsection and the issue, revision, reallocation or revocation of every such permit shall be notified in the Federal Gazette.
(4) For the purpose of this section, the references to item of manufacture include ref- erences to the packages, containers and invoices relative thereto.
15. Offences in relation to standards
(1) Any person, other than the permitted manufacturer, who makes or sells or ex- poses for sale or uses for the purpose of advertising any material or document on or in which is portrayed-
(a) an industrial standard in any way resembling or purporting to be any of the Nigerian Industrial Standards established in pursuance of this Act; or
(b) a certification mark resembling or purporting to be a certification mark issued in pursuance of section 14 of this Act,
shall be guilty of an offence and on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding NI ,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both such fine and imprisonment.
(2) Where a person is convicted under this section, the court may make such order as to the forfeiture or destruction of the material or document in issue at it may think appro- priate in the circumstances.
16. Power of the Minister to declare established standards as binding
(1) The Minister may from time to time on the recommendation of the Council by-
(a) Order published in the Federal Gazette; or
(b) publication in any two national dailies having nation-wide circulation; or
(c) notice served on any affected manufacturer,
declare that an industrial standard established under section 12 of this Act shall be binding.
[1990 No. 18.)
(2) Any industrial standard declared and published in the Federal Gazette by virtue of subsection (1) of this section shall be known as “Mandatory Industrial Standard”.
(3) It shall be the duty of every manufacturer of any item of manufacture in respect of which a mandatory industrial standard has been declared to ensure that the item complies with (or was manufactured in accordance with) such standard which is for the time being in force.
(4) If any item of manufacture does not comply with a mandatory industrial standard, and that item is sold or delivered to any person with a view to its being sold to the pub- lic-
(a) the manufacturer of the item; and
(b) any person who sells, or is concerned in the sale of, the item knowing that it does not comply with such standard,
shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable on conviction-
(i) in the case of the manufacturer, to a fine not less than
N 50,000 but not exceeding N100,000or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both such fine and imprisonment;
(ii) in the case of a seller, to a fine not less than
N 5,000 but not exceeding N 10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both such fine or imprisonment.
(5) If any item of manufacture does not comply with a mandatory industrial standard, and that item is sold or delivered to any person with a view to its being sold to the public, the manufacturer of that item shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding NI ,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both such fine and imprisonment.
(6) In any criminal proceedings commenced against any person under this section, the production of a certificate signed by the Director-General or any other person duly authorised by the Director-General stating that an item of manufacture does not comply with the applicable mandatory industrial standard and describing the nature of the failure to comply with the mandatory industrial standard shall be sufficient evidence of such failure to comply.
(7) For the purposes of the trial of any person charged with an offence under this section, any item of manufacture bearing the name or mark of that person shall, unless the contrary is proved, be presumed to have been manufactured by that person and the item shall be presumed to have been produced by him in the form in which it was found offered for sale.
(8) Where any person is convicted of an offence under this section, the court may make such order as to the forfeiture or destruction of the item of manufacture in question as it may think appropriate in the circumstances.
17. Powers of Director-General in relation to hazardous products
(1) The Director-General may, upon being satisfied that the quality, purity or potency of any product (whether or not the subject of a mandatory industrial standard) is such as to be detrimental or hazardous to life and property, apply to the magistrate’s court having jurisdiction in the area for an order-
(a) to seize, destroy or prohibit any person from selling or offering for sale such product; or
(b) seal up the premises where such product is manufactured or stored; or
(c) direct the manufacturer to rectify the deficiency in the case of low product.
[1990 No. 18.]
(2) The Court may order that any product seized which in its opinion is hazardous or injurious to life shall be destroyed or disposed of in such manner as it thinks tit.
[1990 No. 18.]
18. Power to enter premises and obtain information
(1) For the purposes of carrying out the functions of the Organisation under this Act, the Director-General and any other officer or servant of the Organisation authorised by the Director in writing-
(a) shall have a right of access at all times to any building or other premises where an industrial or commercial undertaking is being carried on; and
(b) may by notice in writing served on any person carrying on an industrial or commercial undertaking require that person to furnish in such form as he may direct information on such matters as may be specified by him.
(2) Any article or item seized under this Act shall be kept or stored in such a place as the Director-General may direct and shall be returned to the owner if the court refuses to order forfeiture or destruction under section 17 (2) of this Act.
[1990 No. 18.]
(3) A person required to furnish returns pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall within two months from the notice comply with the notice.
(1) If any person required to furnish returns pursuant to section 18 (1) of this Act fails to furnish those returns as required under this Act, he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding N400 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both.
(2) If a person in purported compliance with a requirement to furnish returns as aforesaid knowingly or recklessly makes any statement in the return which is false in a material particular, he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding
N 200 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to both.
(3) Any person who wilfully obstructs, interferes with, assaults or resists any officer or servant of the Organisation in the execution of his duty under this Act or who aids, invites, induces or abets any other person to obstruct, interfere with, assault or resist any such officer or servant, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding
N 200 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding three months or to both.
20. Offences by bodies corporate
Where an offence under this Act which has been committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or other official of the body corporate, or any person purporting to act in any such capacity, he, as well as the body corporate, shall be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished.
Miscellaneous and supplementary
(1) The Council shall as soon as possible after the end of each year submit to the Minister a report on the activities of the Council and the Organisation during the last pre- ceding year.
(2) The Organisation may from time to time publish reports on any of its activities and when such reports are published the Organisation shall-
(a) distribute copies thereof free to departments of the Government of the Federa- tion or a State and to such other bodies as may be approved by the Council; and
(b) where appropriate, make copies available for sale to the public and other inter- ested parties, and such reports shall be in addition to any other publication made by it under this Act.
22. Power to make test purchases
The Director-General or any other officer of the Organisation designated in that be- half shall have power to make such purchases of goods as may appear expedient for the purpose of determining whether or not the provisions of this Act are being complied with.
23. Power to make rules
(1) The Council may make rules, not inconsistent with this Act, for the general and efficient conduct of the functions of the Organisation.
(2) No rules under subsection (1) of this section shall be made by the Council without the prior approval of the Minister, and thereafter they shall be published in the Federal Gazette.
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-
“chairman” means the chairman of the Council;
“Council” means the Standards Council of Nigeria set up under section 3 of this Act;
“certification mark” means the special certification mark issued to a permitted manufacturer;
“Director-General” means the Director-General of Standards appointed in pursuance of section 1 of this Act;
[1990 No. 18.]
“member” means a member of the Council and includes the chairman;
“Minister” means the Minister for Industries;
“Nigerian Industrial Standards” means the industrial standards established by the Council in pursuance of this Act;
“Organisation” means the Standards Organisation of Nigeria established by sec- tion 1 of this Act;
“permitted manufacturer” has the meaning assigned under subsection (1) of sec- tion 14 of this Act;
“State” means a State of the Federation.
(2) In this Act a reference to “officer or servant of the Organisation” is a reference to any person appointed in pursuance of section 1 of this Act.
(3) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, a reference to a numbered sec- tion is a reference to the section so numbered in this Act.
25. Short title
This Act may be cited as the Standards Organisation of Nigeria Act.
[Section 3 (2).]
Supplementary provisions relating to the Council Membership
1. (1) Subject to this Schedule, the Council shall consist of seventeen members to be ap- pointed by the Minister and, apart from the chairman and the Director, shall comprise the fol- lowing-
(a) one representative from each of the following, that is-
(i) the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development;
(ii) the Ministry of Defence;
(iii) the Federal Ministry of Health;
(iv) the Federal Ministry of Commerce;
(v) the Federal Ministry of Transport; and
(vi) the Federal Ministry of Works and Housing,
so however that when appointing a person to represent a Ministry the Minister may appoint a person from any statutory corporation for which that Ministry has overall control or responsi- bility to represent such Ministry;
(b) one representative from each of the following fields of activity appointed by
the Minister after consultation with the appropriate body (if any) in each case, that is-
(i) university education and research;
(ii) chambers of commerce, industry and mines;
(iii) engineering and engineering consultancy services;
(iv) processing and manufacturing industry;
(v) construction industry;
(vi) employers’ associations;
(vii) consumers’ associations; and
(c) one person appearing to the Minister to represent interests or fields of activity not otherwise represented.
(2) The Director-General shall be a member of the Council and the chairman of the Council shall be the Director-General of the Federal Ministry of Industry.
(3) The President may by order published in the Federal Gazette increase or reduce or otherwise vary the composition of the membership of the Council.
Terms of service
2. Subject to paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Schedule, a member of the Council shall hold office for a period of four years from the effective date of the instrument of his appointment or his appointment, as the case may be.
3. Without prejudice to section 11 of the Interpretation Act (which provides, among other things, for the removal of appointees by the person who appointed them) a member of the Council shall cease to hold office if he resigns his office by a notice in writing signed by him and served on the Minister.
4. A person who ceases to hold office as member of the Council shall be eligible for reappointment.
5. References in paragraphs 2 to 4 above to a member of the Council do not include refer- ences to the chairman, the Director, or any person appointed under paragraph 1 (1) (a) above.
6. Subject to this Act and section 27 of the Interpretation Act (which provides for decisions of a statutory body to be taken by a majority of its members and for the chairman to have a second or casting vote), the Council may make standing orders regulating the proceedings of the Council or any committee thereof.
7. The quorum of the Council shall be seven and shall include at least three of the persons mentioned in paragraph 1 (1 ) (b) to (d) of this Schedule, and the quorum of any committee of the Council shall be determined by the Council.
8. The Council shall elect a member to be deputy-chairman of the Council for such period as the Council may determine, so however that a deputy-chairman who ceases to be a member shall cease to be deputy-chairman.
9. At any meeting of the Council the chairman or in his absence the deputy-chairman shall preside, but if both are absent the members present at the meeting shall elect one of their number to preside at the meeting.
10. The Council shall meet not less than once every three months and on such other occa- sions as may be necessary.
11. Subject to paragraph 10 above and any standing orders of the Council, the Council shall meet whenever it is summoned by the chairman and before summoning a meeting the chair- man shall direct the secretary to give at least fourteen days’ notice of the meeting to each member; and if the chairman is required to do so by notice given to him by not less than seven other members, he shall summon a meeting of the Council in the manner aforesaid but to be held within twenty days from the date on which the notice is so given.
12. Where the Council desires to obtain the advice of any person on a particular matter, the Council may co-opt him as a member for such period as it thinks fit, but a person who is a member by virtue of this paragraph shall not be entitled to vote at any meeting of the Council and shall not count towards a quorum.
13. Notwithstanding anything in paragraphs 6 to 12 above, the first meeting of the Council shall be summoned by the Minister, who may give such directions as he thinks fit as to the procedure which shall be followed at that meeting.
14. (1) The Council may appoint such technical and project committees as it thinks fit to deal with specific materials or group of materials or topics or such other tasks as the Council may direct any such committee to undertake.
(2) Each such committee shall be presided over by a member of the Council and shall be made up of such number of experts, not necessarily members of the Council, as the Council may determine in each case.
15. Subject to its standing orders, the Council may appoint such other committees as it thinks fit, but the decision of a committee appointed under this paragraph shall be of no effect until it is confirmed by the Council.
16. The validity of any proceedings of the Council or any committee thereof shall not be affected-
(a) by any vacancy in the membership of the Council or any committee; or
(b) by any defect in the appointment of any such member; or
(c) by reason that a person not entitled to do so took part in the proceedings.
17. A person shall not by reason only of his membership of the Council be treated as holding an office of emolument under the Government of the Federation or a State.
List of Subsidiary Legislation
I. Mandatory Industrial Standards Order (18th April 1978).
2. Mandatory Industrial Standards Order (28th August 1989).
MANDATORY INDUSTRIAL STANDARDS ORDER [L.N. 21 of 1978.]
under section 16
[ 18th April, 1978]
1. Declaration of mandatory Industrial Standards
The Industrial standard specified in the second column of the Schedule hereto is hereby declared mandatory industrial standard in respect of the commodity specified in the first column thereof.
2. Short title
This order may be cited as the Mandatory Industrial Standards Order.