ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
National Universities Commission
- Establishment of the National Universities Commission.
- Membership of the Commission.
- Tenure of office.
- Functions of the Commission.
Staff of the Commission
- Executive Secretary of the Commission.
- Staff of the Commission.
- Application of Pensions Act.
National Universities Commission Fund, etc.
- Establishment of the National Universities Commission Fund.
- Maintenance of separate fund by the Commission.
- Expenditure of the Commission.
- Annual estimates and accounts.
- Annual report.
- Power to obtain information.
- Short title.
Supplementary provisions relating to the Commission, etc.
NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES COMMISSION ACT
An Act to set up the National Universities Commission as a body corporate charged
with the responsibility of advising the Federal and State Governments of all aspects
of university education and the general development of universities in Nigeria.
[15th January, 1974]
National Universities Commission
1. Establishment of the National Universities Commission
(I) There is hereby established, a body to be known as the National Universities
Commission, which under that name shall be a body corporate, with perpetual succession
and a common seal, and may sue and be sued in its corporate name.
(2) The supplementary provisions contained in the Schedule to this Act shall have effect with
respect to the proceedings of the Commission and the other matters mentioned therein.
- Membership of the Commission
(I) The Commission shall consist of a chairman and the following other members, that is-
(a) one representative each from the following Federal Ministry-
(i) Education and Youth Development;
(ii) Health and Human Services;
(iii) Finance and Economic Development; and
(iv) Establishment and Management Services.
(b) one representative of the National Commission for Women;
(c) six persons with wide knowledge and experience representing both private and
public sector interests, to be appointed on individual merit and on a nationwide basis;
(d) one representative each of the following academic disciplines, that is-
(i) Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences;
(iii) Environmental Sciences;
(iv) Humanities, Social and Management Sciences;
(v) Health Sciences;
(vi) Engineering Sciences and Technology;
(vii) Earth, Mineral and Natural Sciences; and
(e) the Executive Secretary, who shall be an ex officio member of the Board.
[1993 No. 10.]
(2) The chairman and the other members of the Commission shall be appointed by
- Tenure of office
(I) Subject to the provisions of this Act, a person appointed to be a member of the
Commission, not being a public officer, shall hold office for a period of three years from
the date of his appointment and shall be eligible for reappointment for such other period
as may be specified in his instrument of appointment.
(2) Any member, not being a public officer, may resign his appointment, by a letter
addressed to the President.
(3) Members of the Commission, not being public officers, shall be paid such remuneration
and allowances as the President may determine.
4. Functions of the Commission
(I) The functions of the Commission shall be to–
(a) advise the President and the Governors of the States, through the Minister, on
the creation of new universities and other degree-granting institutions in Nigeria;
(b) prepare, after consultation with all the State Governments, the universities, the
National Manpower Board and such other bodies as it considers appropriate,
periodic master plans for the balanced and co-ordinated development of all
universities in Nigeria and such plans shall include-
(i) the general programmes to be pursued by the universities, in order to
ensure that they are fully adequate to meet national needs and objectives;
(ii) recommendations for the establishment and location of new universities
as and when considered necessary, and in accordance with the Commission’s approved guidelines;
(iii) recommendations for the establishment of new academic units in existing
universities or the approval or disapproval of proposals to establish such academic units;
(c) make such other investigations relating to higher education as the Commission
may consider necessary in the national interest;
(d) make such other recommendations to the Federal and State Governments, relating to
universities and other degree-awarding institutions as the Commission
may consider to be in the national interest;
(e) inquire into and advise the Federal Government on the financial needs, both
recurrent and capital, of university education in Nigeria and, in particular, to
investigate and study the financial needs of university research and ensure that
adequate provision is made for this in the universities;
(f) receive block grants from the Federal Government and allocate them to Federal
universities, in accordance with such formula as may be laid down by the
(g) take into account, in advising the Federal and State Governments on university
finances, such grants as may be made to the universities by State Governments
and by persons and institutions in and outside Nigeria;
(h) collate, analyse and publish information relating to university education in
Nigeria and from other sources, where such information is relevant to the dis-
charge of its functions under this Act;
(i) undertake periodic reviews of the terms and conditions of service of personnel
engaged in the universities and to make recommendations thereon to the Fed-
eral Government, where appropriate;
(j) recommend to the visitor of a university that a visitation be made to such university
as and when it considers it necessary;
(k) act as the agency for channelling all external aid to the universities in Nigeria;
(I) carry out such other activities as are conducive to the discharge of its functions
under this Act.
[1993 No. 10.]
(2) The Minister may give the Commission directives of a general character or relating
generally to particular matters, with regard to the exercise by the Commission of its
functions under this Act, and it shall be the duty of the Commission to comply with such
Staff of the Commission
5. Executive Secretary of the Commission
(I) There shall be appointed by the President an Executive Secretary to the Commission,
who shall have appropriate qualifications.
(2) The Executive Secretary shall be the chief executive officer of the Commission
and shall be responsible for the execution of the policy of the Commission and the day-
to-day running of the affairs of the Commission.
(3) The Executive Secretary shall hold office in the first instance for a period of five
years and shall be eligible for reappointment for such further terms of five years as the
President may determine.
(4) Subject to this section, the Executive Secretary shall hold office on such terms as
to emoluments and otherwise as may be specified in his instrument of appointment.
6. Staff of the Commission
(I) The Commission may appoint a Deputy Executive Secretary and such other persons to be
officers and servants of the Commission, to assist the Executive Secretary in
the exercise of his functions.
(2) The remuneration and tenure of office of the Deputy Executive Secretary and the
other officers and servants of the Commission, shall be determined by the Commission
after consultation with the Minister responsible for establishments.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (I) of this section, the Deputy Executive
Secretary or any of the other officers and servants of the Commission, may be
appointed by the Commission by way of transfer or secondment from any of the public
services in the Federation.
7. Application of Pensions Act
(1) The Federal Civil Service Commission may, by order published in the Federal
Gazette, declare the office of any person employed by the Commission to be a pensionable
office for the purposes of the Pensions Act.
(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4) of this section, the Pensions Act shall, in its application
by virtue of subsection (1) of this section to any office, have effect as if the
office were in the public service of the Federation within the meaning of the Constitution
of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999.
(3) For the purpose of the application of the Pensions Act and in accordance with
subsection (2) of this section-
(a) section 21 of that Act shall have effect as if, for the references to the Minister,
there were substituted references to the Commission; and
(b) the power under section 4 (2) of that Act shall be exercisable by the Commission
and not by any other authority.
(4) Nothing in the foregoing provisions shall prevent the appointment by the Commission of a
person to any office on terms which preclude the grant of a pension or
gratuity in respect of service in that office.
National Universities Commission Fund, etc.
8. Establishment of the National Universities Commission Fund
(1) There shall be established by the Commission a fund to be known as the National
Universities Commission Fund.
[L.N. 49 of 1959.]
(2) There shall be paid into the Fund established in pursuance of subsection (1) of
(a) such sums as may be made available to the Commission for the purpose of
making grants to the universities in pursuance of paragraphs if) and (g) of section 4 (1) of this Act; and
(b) such sums as may, from time to time, be credited to the Fund by way of payment
of the principal and interest on and other charges in respect of any loan
made out of the fund, and also interest from investments made from the Fund.
(3) Disbursements from the Fund shall be made in accordance with rules made under
section 23 of the Finance (Control and Management) Act and, without prejudice to the
foregoing, rule (26) of the Public Funds of the Federation (Disbursement) Rules, shall
continue in force and have effect, as if made under this subsection.
- Maintenance of separate fund by the Commission
(1) The Commission shall establish and maintain a separate fund from which there
shall be defrayed all expenditure incurred by the Commission, except such expenditure as
may be incurred by it pursuant to section S of this Act.
(2) There shall be paid and credited to the fund established in pursuance of subsection (I)
of this section, such payments as may be made to it by the Federal Government,
for the running expenses of the Commission and all other assets from time to time
accruing to the Commission otherwise than in pursuance of section S of this Act.
10. Expenditure of the Commission
The Commission may, from time to time, apply the proceeds of the fund established
in pursuance of section 9 (I) of this section-
(a) to the cost of administration of the Commission;
(b) for reimbursing members of the Commission or members of any committee set
up by the Commission, for such expenses as may be expressly authorised by
the Commission, in accordance with the rates approved by the President;
(c) to the payment of the salaries, fees or other remuneration or allowances and
pensions, superannuation allowances and gratuities, payable to the officers and
servants of the Commission, so however that no payment of any kind under
this paragraph (except such as may be expressly authorised as aforesaid), shall
be made to any person who is in receipt of emoluments from the Government
of the Federation or the Government of a State;
(d) for the maintenance of any properly vested in the Commission; and
(c) for and in connection with all or any of its functions under this Act.
11. Annual estimates and accounts
(I) The Commission shall submit to the Minister, not later than 31 October in each
financial year, an estimate of its expenditure and income (including payments to the
National Universities Commission Fund) during the next succeeding financial year.
(2) The Commission shall keep proper accounts in respect of each financial year (and
proper records in relation thereto) and shall cause its accounts to be audited as soon as
may be after the end of each financial year by the Auditor-General for the Federation.
12. Annual report
The Commission shall prepare and submit to the President through the Minister, not
later than 30 June in each financial year a report in such form as he may direct on the
activities of the Commission during the immediately preceding financial year, and shall
include in such report a copy of the audited accounts of the Commission for that year and
the Auditor-General’s report thereon.
13. Power to obtain information
(I) For the purpose of carrying out the functions conferred on the Commission under
this Act, the Executive Secretary or any other officer of the Commission authorised in
(a) shall have a right of access to all the records of any institution to which this
(b) may by notice in writing served on any person in charge of any such institution
require that person to furnish information on such matters as may be specified
in the notice.
(2) It shall be the duty of any person required to furnish information pursuant to sub-
section (1) of this section to comply with the notice within a reasonable period of time.
(3) In this section, the reference to an institution is a reference to a university or any
other degree-granting institution in Nigeria recognised for that purpose by the Commission.
The Minister may by regulations published in the Federal Gazette prescribe anything
falling to be prescribed generally for the purposes of this Act.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-
“academic units” includes departments, faculties, schools, colleges, institutes, centres
and all such academic divisions in the universities at the postgraduate, undergraduate,
pre-degree and non-degree levels;
“accreditation” means a system for recognising educational institutions and pro-
grammes offered in these institutions for a level of performance, integrity and quality
which entitles them to the confidence of the educational community, the public they serve
and employers of labour;
“chairman” means the chairman of the National Universities Commission;
“Commission” means the National Universities Commission established under section 1 of this Act;
“Executive Secretary” means the person appointed as the Executive Secretary to the
Commission in pursuance of section 5 (l) of this Act;
“member” means a member of the Commission and includes the chairman;
“Minister” means the Minister charged with responsibility for higher education.
16. Short title
This Act may be cited as the National Universities Commission Act.
[Section I (2).]
Supplementary provisions relating to the Commission, ete.
1. Subject to this Act and section 27 of the Interpretation Act (which provides for decisions
of a statutory body to be taken by a majority of its members and for the chairman to have a
second or casting vote), the Commission may make standing orders regulating the proceedings
of the Commission or any committee thereof.
2. Every meeting of the Commission shall be presided over by the chairman or, if the chairman
is unable to attend a particular meeting, the members present at the meeting shall elect
one of their number to preside at the meeting.
3. The quorum at a meeting of the Commission shall consist of the chairman (or, in an appropriate
case, the person presiding at the meeting pursuant to paragraph 2 of this Schedule)
and five other members of whom at least two shall be members appointed pursuant to paragraphs
(a) and (c) of section 2 (I) of this Act.
4. Where upon any special occasion the Commission desires to obtain the advice of any
person on any particular matter, the Commission may co-opt that person to be a member for as
many meetings as may be necessary, and that person while so co-opted shall have all the
rights and privileges of a member except that he shall not be entitled to vote.
5. (I) Subject to its standing orders, the Commission may appoint such number of standing
and ad hoc committees as it thinks fit to consider and report on any matter with which the
Commission is concerned.
(2) Every committee appointed under the provisions of sub-paragraph (I) of this paragraph
shall be presided over by a member of the Commission and shall be made up of such
number of persons, not necessarily members of the Commission, as the Commission may
determine in each case.
(3) The quorum of any committee set up by the Commission shall be as may be determined
by the Commission.
6. Where standing orders made pursuant to sub-paragraph I of this paragraph provide for a
committee of the Commission to consist of or co-opt persons who are not members of the
Commission, the committee may advise the Commission on any matter referred to it by the
7. The fixing of the seal of the Commission shall be authenticated by the signature of the
chairman or of the Executive Secretary of the Commission.
8. Any contract or instrument which, if made by a person not being a body corporate, would
not be required to be under seal, may be made or executed on behalf of the Commission by
the Executive Secretary or by any other person generally or specially authorised to act for the
purpose by the Commission.
9. Any document purporting to be a contract, instrument or other document duly signed or
sealed on behalf of the Commission shall be received in evidence and, unless the contrary is
proved, be presumed without further proof to have been so signed or sealed.
10. The validity of any proceedings of the Commission or a committee thereof shall not be
(a) by any vacancy in the membership of the Commission; or
(b) by any defect in the appointment of a member of the Commission or committee.
11. Any member of the Commission or a committee thereof who has a personal interest in
any contract or arrangement entered into or proposed to be considered by the Commission or
committee shall forthwith disclose his interest to the Commission or committee and shall not
vote on any question relating to the contract or arrangement.
No Subsidiary Legislation