ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
Establishment of the National Metallurgical Development Centre
- Establishment of the National Metallurgical Development Centre.
- Membership of the Governing Board of the Centre.
- Functions of the Board.
Functions of the Centre
- Functions of the Centre.
- Power of Minister to give directions.
Staff of the Centre
- Appointment of the Director and principal officers of the Centre.
- Other staff of the Centre.
- Service in the Centre to be pensionable.
- Conditions of service of officers and staff.
- Power to enter land and payment of compensation.
- Power to acquire land.
Funds of the Centre and other financial provisions
- Funds of the Centre.
- General reserve.
- Power to borrow and invest.
- Annual estimates, accounts and audit.
- Annual report.
- Limitation of suits against the Centre.
- Service of documents.
- Restriction on execution against the property of the Centre.
- Indemnity of officers.
- Dissolution of existing Centre.
- Short title.
Supplementary provisions relating to the Board
NA TIONAL METALLURGICAL DEVELOPMENT CENTRE ACT
An Act to establish the National Metallurgical Development Centre with responsibility for
carrying out research into mineral ores produced in Nigeria and for matters connected therewith.
[1992 No. 50.]
[27th September, 1992]
Establishment of the National Metallurgical Development Centre
- Establishment of the National Metallurgical Development Centre
(I) There is hereby established a body to be known as the National Metallurgical Development Centre
(in this Act referred to as “the Centre”).
(2) The Centre shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal.
(3) The Centre may sue or be sued in its corporate name and may for the purposes of
its functions under this Act and subject to the Land Use Act, hold, acquire and dispose of
any property movable or immovable.
- Membership of the Governing Board of the Centre
(1) There is hereby established for the Centre a Governing Board which shall comprise-
(a) a chairman to be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Minister;
(b) one representative of the Federal Ministry of Power and Steel;
(c) one representative of the Ajaokuta Steel Company;
(d) one representative of the Nigerian Coal Corporation;
|(e) one representative of the National Iron Ore Mining Company;
one representative of the Federal Ministry of Finance;
(f) one representative of the National Planning Commission;
(g) one representative of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (Steel Group);
(h) three other persons to be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Minister, being persons of proven integrity who by reason of their ability, experience and specialised knowledge of the metallurgical and allied industries, or by reason of their professional or business attainment are, in the opinion of the Minister, capable of making useful contributions to the work of the Centre; and
(i) the Director of the Centre.
|(2) The supplementary provisions contained in the Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the tenure of office of members, the proceedings of the Board and the other matters therein contained.|
|3. Functions of the Board|
|The Board shall be responsible for-
(a) the formulation of the broad policy for the Centre in accordance with such
(b) ensuring full compliance with the provisions of this Act.
|Functions of the Centre|
The functions of the Centre shall be to-
|(a) undertake, through laboratory research and tests, mineralogical appraisal, exami-
nation and evaluation of mineral ore samples for the purpose of ascertaining
the mineral species contained therein;
(b) carry out liberation studies, characterisation and identification of ores and other material microstructural components, designed to disengage mineral species, so as to release their valuable grain constituents for industrial use;
(c) up-grade the qualities of Nigerian low-grade ores and minerals through beneficiation techniques and processes with a view to achieving an efficient and economic extraction of the materials contained therein with the purpose of ensuring self-sufficiency and rendering unnecessary the importation of such ores or metals as are produced therefrom;
(d) carry out applied research on and develop both conventional and new refractory products using indigenous mineral raw materials;
metallurgical coke from indigenous coal samples; (f) develop substitutes for strategic ferrous and non-ferrous alloys by increasing
the adaptation and use of locally produced mineral raw materials as alloying
elements to be used in the nation’s metallurgical and allied industries;
(g) improve the performance of the processes used in the metallurgical and allied
industries through the application of fundamental scientific knowledge to the
solution of problems related to steel production, fabrication and utilisation;
(h) conduct research into foundry problems associated with Nigeria’s metallurgical and
allied industries with particular emphasis on problems relating to foundry moulding materials,
smelting operations and casting techniques;
(i) design and develop pilot flow-sheets for various metallurgical processes, especially for the
economic standardisation and beneficiation of locally produced ores;
engineering components and structures with particular emphasis on proofs and
failure stresses of steels and defects in steel ingots and rolled products; (k) develop and fabricate standard samples of machine tools and other engineering
components and structures for analytical purposes with a view to their eventual
adaptation and use on a large scale in the metallurgical and allied industries;
(I) carry out intensive studies and research into the effects of toxic industrial effluent discharged
from metallurgical and allied industries;
(m) identify pollution patterns of various metallurgical and non-metallurgical industrial establishments
and devise proper modes of controlling or eradicating effluent from such establishments;
(n) develop enamelling and other techniques for the surface coating of metals including electroplating,
galvanising and anodic protection, and study problems relating to corrosion of metals and alloys and modes of preventing them;
(0) render both public and private establishments engaged in the metallurgical and
allied industries, consultancy and technical services at various stages, (including exploration,
processing, smelting, design and fabrication stages) and charge fees for such services;
(P) liaise, collaborate and enter into joint ventures with other institutions whether
in Nigeria or elsewhere whose functions are in one way or the other related to
those of the Centre or which may require the services of the Centre;
(q) establish, organise, run, operate, conduct and participate in such training
courses, lectures, seminars, conferences, symposia and similar study groups as
may enhance the activities of the Centre or the efficiency of any of its officers
(r) establish such facilities and do such other things which are conducive to the
discharge of its functions under this Act; and
(s) commercialise any of its scientific break-throughs for the benefit of Nigerian
industries as may be approved by the Board and in accordance with relevant Nigerian laws.
- Power of Minister to give directions
Subject to this Act, the Minister may give to the Centre directions of a general charac-
ter or relating generally to particular matters (but not to any individual person or on any
particular case) with regard to the carrying out of the functions of the Centre under this
Act and it shall be the duty of the Centre to comply with such directions.
Staff of the Centre
- Appointment of the Director and principal officers of the Centre
(1) There shall be appointed for the Centre an officer to be designated as the Director
of the Centre who shall be the chief executive of the Centre and shall be responsible for
the day-to-day running and management of the affairs of the Centre.
(2) The Director shall be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the
(3) The Director shall be of the rank of a Permanent Secretary in the public service of
(4) The Director shall be a person who possesses a qualification in metallurgy, min-
eral process engineering, industrial chemistry or any of the pure and applied sciences,
from a recognised university or cognate institution and has since his qualification been
actively employed or engaged in the metallurgical or allied industry in a managerial
capacity for a continuous period of not less than ten years.
(5) The Director shall hold office in the first instance for a period of five years and
shall be eligible for a reappointment for such further term of five years as the President
may, from time to time, determine.
(6) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Director shall hold office on such
terms as to emoluments and otherwise as may be specified in his letter of appointment.
(7) There shall be appointed for the Centre such number of officers as may be expe-
dient to be designated as Deputy Directors who shall be appointed by the Board.
(8) A Deputy Director appointed pursuant to subsection (7) of this section shall be a
person who possesses the qualification and experience prescribed in respect of the office
of the Director under subsection (4) of this section.
(9) There shall be appointed for the Centre such number of Assistant Directors as the
Board may, from time to time, determine to assist the Director in the performance of his
functions under this Act.
(l0) The qualification and experience required for eligibility for appointment as an
Assistant Director shall be as may be determined by the Board.
7. Other staff of the Centre
(l) The Board may appoint such other persons as employees of the Centre as it may
(2) Where the Board thinks it expedient that a staff vacancy in the Centre should be
filled by a person holding an office in any of the public services in the Federation the
Board may appoint that person by way of transfer or secondment from the service concerned.
(3) Where a person is seconded pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, he shall be
notified of the terms and conditions of the secondment and the secondment shall be without
prejudice to any pension rights which, but for the secondment, would still accrue to him.
(4) A person seconded under subsection (2) of this section may elect to be transferred
to the staff of the Centre, in which case any previous service in any of the public service
shall count as services for the purposes of any pension subsequently payable to the person
under the Centre.
(5) Where a person is transferred from a public service to the Centre-
(a) that person’s former service in the relevant public service shall be taken into
account in applying the provisions of the Pensions Act; and
(b) the Pensions Act shall have effect as if that person’s service with the Centre
were service in the relevant public service.
- Service in the Centre to be pensionable
(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of the Pensions Act, service in the Centre shall be
approved service for the purposes of that Act and, accordingly, officers and other persons
employed in the Centre shall be entitled to such pensions, gratuities and other retirement
benefits as are prescribed thereunder, so however that nothing in this Act shall prevent
the appointment of a person to any office on terms which preclude the grant of a pension
and gratuity in respect of that office.
(2) For the purposes of the application of the provisions of the Pensions Act, any
power exercisable thereunder by a Minister or other authority of the Government of the
Federation, other than the power to make regulations under section 23 thereof, is hereby
vested in and shall be exercisable by the Centre and not by any other person or authority.
- Conditions of service of officers and staff
Without prejudice to the provisions of section 6 of this Act, the terms and conditions
of service, including terms and conditions as to remuneration, allowances, retiring and
other benefits of the officers and servants of the Centre, shall be such as may be determined
by the Board with the approval of the Minister.
10. Power to enter land and payment of compensation
(I) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) of this section, the Centre shall have power by
its officers, employees, workmen or agents, from time to time, to enter upon land for the
purposes of discharge of the Centre’s functions under this Act and in particular may enter
upon the land for the purpose of-
(a) surveying the land or taking levels in connection with any survey;
(b) carrying on drilling, quarrying, excavation or trenching activities thereon;
(c) constructing any structure and placing, maintaining, examining, repairing, altering
or removing any installation or beacon for the purpose of survey as aforementioned;
(d) cutting down or removing such trees and underwood that may interfere with
such surveyor other activities as aforementioned;
(e) carrying out such other relevant activities necessary to give effect to the functions of the
Centre as set out in section 4 of this Act.
(2) The Centre shall, when practicable, serve on the occupier of any land upon which
it intends to enter pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, a notice which shall be in
writing, giving a description of the nature of the works intended to be executed on the
(3) In discharging the functions of the Centre pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, the
officers, workmen, servants or agents referred to therein may remain on any
such land for such reasonable time as may enable them to execute and do all such works
and things as may be necessary.
(4) The Centre shall not construct, place, maintain, examine, repair, alter or remove
any beacon in or upon any land under the control of a department or other public authority
without the prior approval of the head of department or public authority concerned.
(5) In the exercise of the powers conferred under this section, the members of the
Board and the officers, employees, workmen or agents of the Centre shall ensure that as
little damage as may be reasonable in the circumstance is done and the Centre shall pay
adequate compensation for any damage done to any buildings, installations, crops or economic trees.
(6) Where there is a dispute as to the amount of compensation payable, the procedure
for the computation of such compensation shall be as prescribed in section 29 of the Land
Use Act or in accordance with any regulations or instrument made in that behalf by the
Government of the State in which the land is situated.
11. Power to acquire land
(I) The Centre may, subject to the Land Use Act, acquire any land for the purpose of
discharging its functions under this Act.
(2) If there is any hindrance to the acquisition of any land by the Centre under this
Act (including any failure by the Centre to reach an agreement as to the amount to be
paid in respect of the acquisition), the Centre may apply to the Minister for a declaration
under subsection (3) of this section.
(3) The Minister, on receiving an application from the Centre and after such enquiry
as he may think fit, may request the Governor of the State in which the land is situated to
declare that the land is required for the service of the Centre and accordingly for an overriding public purpose.
(4) Where a declaration is made under subsection (3) of this section, the land to
which the declaration relates shall be deemed to be land required for the public purpose
of the Federation within the meaning of the Land Use Act and the Centre shall acquire
the land accordingly.
(5) Where a declaration has been made under subsection (3) of this Act in respect of
any land and-
(a) the land has been acquired pursuant to subsection (4) of this section; or
(b) the Governor of the State concerned is satisfied that there are no rights subsisting in respect of the land,
the Governor may vest the land in the Centre by issuing a certificate of occupancy in respect thereof in favour and in the
name of the Centre.
(6) The compensation, if any, payable under the Land Use Act for the acquisition of
any land under this section or for the revocation of any rights relating to the land, where
applicable, shall in the first instance be paid by the Federal Government but the Centre
shall refund to that Government any compensation so paid and all incidental expenses
incurred by that Government.
(7) A plan of any land referred to in subsection (2) of this section-
(a) containing measurements of the boundaries of the land;
(b) showing the relationship of the land to any sufficient identifying mark; and
(c) signed by the Director,shall be a sufficient description of the land for the purposes
of an application under that subsection.
(8) The Centre shall not, without the approval in writing of the Governor of the State
in which the land is situated, alienate, mortgage, charge or otherwise demise any
immovable property which has been vested in the Centre under this section or in respect of
which a right of occupancy has been so granted to the Centre.
Funds of the Centre and other financial provisions
12. Funds of the Centre
(I) The Centre shall establish a fund which shall consist of-
(a) such sums as may be provided to it by the Government of the Federation for
running the affairs of the Centre;
(b) such sums as may be collected or received by the Centre for services rendered by the Centre;
(c) such sums as may, from time to time, be lent to the Centre by any person;
(d) such other sums as may be received by the Centre from any other source.
(2) The other resources of the Centre shall consist of all other assets which may, from
time to time, be vested in or accrue to the Centre in the course of discharging its functions
under or pursuant to this Act.
(3) The Centre may, from time to time, apply the proceeds of the fund established in
pursuance of subsection (1) of this section for the following purposes, that is-
(a) to the cost of administration of the Centre and any research work carried on by
or on behalf of the Centre;
(b) to the provision of such training for employees of the Centre as the Board may
(c) to reimburse members of the Board and the committees of the Centre for such
expenses as may be expressly authorised by the Board; and
(d) in connection with all or any of its functions under this Act or under any other
13. General reserve
(1) Without prejudice to the power of the Centre to set aside from revenue appropriate amounts
for replacement, contingencies or other purposes, the Centre may establish and maintain a general reserve.
(2) The management of the general reserve, the sum to be carried, from time to time
to the credit of the general reserve, the charges to be made against the general reserve and
any other application of the moneys comprised therein shall be as the Board may, with
the approval of the Minister, determine.
(3) No part of the money comprised in the general reserve shall be applied otherwise
than for the purpose of the Centre.
14. Power to borrow and invest
(1) The Centre may, with the consent of or in accordance with any general authority
given by the Minister, borrow by way of loan from the Federal Government or by way of
temporary overdraft approved by the Minister, sums required by the Centre for meeting
its functions under this Act.
(2) The Centre may invest all or any of its fund in such manner as may be approved
by the Minister.
(3) Subject to section 5 of this Act, the Minister may, with the approval of the President,
issue to the Centre directions as to the disposal of surplus funds.
15. Annual estimates, accounts and audit
(1) The Board shall prepare and submit to the Minister not later than 30 September of
the year in which this subsection comes into force (so however that the Minister may, if
he considers it necessary, extend the period) and of each subsequent year, an estimate of
its income and expenditure during the next succeeding year.
(2) The Board shall keep proper accounts in respect of each year and proper records
in relation to those accounts and shall cause its accounts to be audited within six months
after the end of each year to which the accounts relate by auditors appointed from the list
and in accordance with the guidelines supplied by the Auditor-General for the Federation.
16. Annual report
(I) The Centre shall prepare and submit to the Minister not later than eighteen clear
months after its establishment and once every year thereafter a report in such form as the
Minister may direct on the activities of the Centre during the last preceding year and shall
include in the report a copy of the audited accounts of the Centre for that year and of the
auditors’ report on the accounts.
(2) The Minister shall cause a copy of each report made to him under this section to
be submitted to the President so soon after the receipt thereof as may be convenient.
(3) For the purposes of the first report of the Centre under this section, the last preceding
year shall be deemed to include so much of any period before the beginning of
that year as begins with the date of the first meeting of the Board.
17. Limitation of suits against the Centre
(I) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Public Officers Protection Act shall apply in
relation to any suit instituted against any officer or employee of the Centre.
(2) Notwithstanding anything in any other enactment, no suit against a member of the
Board, a Director, or any other officer or employee of the Centre for any act done in
pursuance or execution of this Act or any other enactment or law, or of any public duty or
authority, or in respect of any alleged neglect or default in the execution of this Act or
such enactment or law, duty or authority, shall lie or be instituted in any court unless-
(a) it is commenced within six months next after the act, neglect or default complained of; or
(b) in the case of a continuation of damage or injury, within six months next after
the ceasing thereof.
(3) No suit shall be commenced against a member of the Board, the Director, officer
or employee of the Centre before the expiration of a period of one month after written
notice of intention to commence the suit shall have been served upon the Centre by the
intending plaintiff or his agent.
(4) The notice referred to in subsection (3) of this section shall clearly and explicitly
state the cause of action, the particulars of the claim, the name and place of abode of the
intending plaintiff and the relief which he claims.
18. Service of documents
A notice, summons or other document required or authorised to be served upon the
Centre under the provisions of this Act or any other enactment or law, may be served by
delivering it to the chairman or the Director or by sending it by registered post and
addressed to the Director at the principal office of the Centre.
19. Restriction on execution against the property of the Centre
(1) In any action or suit against the Centre, no execution or attachment or process in
the nature thereof shall be issued against the Centre.
(2) Any sums of money which may by the judgment of the court be awarded against
the Centre shall, subject to any directions given by the court where notice of appeal has
been given by the Centre in respect of the said judgment, be paid by the Centre from the
general reserve fund of the Centre.
20. Indemnity of officers
A member of the Board, the Director, any officer, servant or employee for the time
being of the Centre, shall be indemnified out of the assets of the Centre against any
liability incurred by him in defending any proceedings, whether civil or criminal, in which
judgment is given in his favour, or in which he is acquitted, if any such proceeding is
brought against him in his capacity as such member of the Board, Director, officer or any
employee of the Centre.
21. Dissolution of existing Centre
(1) The National Metallurgical Development Centre hitherto operating under the National Steel
Council established under the National Steel Council Act, is hereby dissolved.
(2) A person who immediately before the commencement of this Act was a member
of staff or an employee of the dissolved Centre shall, as from the commencement of this
Act, become the holder of an appointment in the Centre with the status, rank, designation
and functions which correspond as far as possible to those which appertained to him as a
member of that staff or as such an employee.
(3) All assets, rights, liabilities and obligations which immediately before the commencement
of this Act were assets, rights, liabilities and obligations of the dissolved
Centre shall, by virtue of this Act and without further assurance, vest in or be taken over
by the Centre.
(4) Anything made or done or having effect as if made before the commencement of
this Act by the dissolved Centre and having any resulting or continuing effect shall be
treated as from the commencement of this Act as if it were made or done by the Centre.
The Centre may make regulations generally for carrying into effect the provisions of
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-
“Board” means the Board of the Centre;
“Centre” means the National Metallurgical Development Centre established under
subsection (1) of section 1 of this Act;
“chairman” means the chairman of the Board;
“member” means a member of the Board and includes the chairman;
“mineral” means any solid mineral or raw material excluding petroleum;
“Minister” means the Minister charged with responsibility for power and steel.
24. Short title
This Act may be cited as the National Metallurgical Development Centre Act.
[Section 2 (2).]
Supplementary provisions relating to the Board
Tenure of officer of members
1. Subject to paragraph 3 of this Schedule, a member who is not a public officer shall hold
office on first appointment for a period of four years beginning with the date of his appointment
and at the expiration of that period for a further period of four years.
2. A member of the Board who is a public officer shall cease to be such a member upon his
ceasing to hold the office entitling him to be appointed as a member of the Board.
3. Any member of the Board may at any time be removed from office for inability to discharge
the functions of his office or for misconduct or on his conviction for a criminal offence
involving dishonesty, fraud or moral turpitude.
4. A member of the Board shall be paid reasonable allowance as may be determined by the
Board with the approval of the Minister.
Proceedings of the Board
5. Subject to the provisions of this Schedule and section 27 of the Interpretation Act, the
Board may make standing orders for regulating its proceedings or the proceedings of any of
6. The quorum at any meeting of the Board shall be the chairman or an ex officio member
and three other members and the quorum of any committee set up by the Board shall be as
determined by the Board.
7. The chairman shall preside at all meetings at which he is present and in his absence, the
members may elect one of their number to preside at the meeting.
8. (l ) The Board shall meet not less than once in every six months and subject to provisions
of any standing orders of the Board, it shall meet at such times as it may be summoned by the
(2) If the chairman is required so to do by notice in writing given to him by not less than
three other members, he shall summon a meeting of the Board to be held within fourteen days
from the date on which the notice is given.
9. Where the Board desires to obtain the advice or services of any person on any particular
matter, it may co-opt that person as a member for such period as it thinks fit, provided that a
person so co-opted shall not be entitled to vote nor shall he count towards a quorum.
10. The first meeting of the Board shall, notwithstanding the other provisions of this Schedule,
be summoned by the Minister and subject as hereafter provided, any other meeting shall
be convened by the chairman.
11. (l) The Board may appoint such number of committees, whether standing or ad hoc, to
perform such of its functions as the Board may direct.
(2) No decision of any committee of the Board shall take effect until it is confirmed by
(3) Every committee appointed by the Board under the foregoing provisions of this
paragraph shall be presided over by a member of the Board and shall be made up of such
number of persons, not necessarily all members of the Board, as the Board may determine in
12. The fixing of the seal of the Centre shall be authenticated by the signature of the chairman
(or of some other members authorised either generally or specifically by the Board to act
in that behalf) and of the Director.
13. Any contract or instrument which if made or executed by a person not being a body cor-
porate will not be required to be under seal, may be made or executed on behalf of the Centre
by any person generally or specially authorised by the Board to act for that purpose.
14. Any document purporting to be a document executed under the seal of the Centre and
authenticated as aforesaid shall be received in evidence and shall, unless the contrary is
proved, be presumed to be so executed.
15. Any member of the Board who has a personal interest in any contract or arrangement
entered into or proposed to be considered by the Board shall forthwith disclose his interest to
the Board and shall not vote on any question relating to the contract or arrangement.
No Subsidiary Legislation