ABIMBOLA DEJONWO & ANOR VS BIDEMI DEJONWO & ORS
In the Supreme Court of Nigeria
Friday, July 7, 2000
Case Number: SC. 59/1994
M.L. UWAIS JUSTICE, SUPREME COURT
M.E. OGUNDARE JUSTICE, SUPREME COURT
U. MOHAMMED JUSTICE, SUPREME COURT
S.U. ONU JUSTICE, SUPREME COURT
A.I. IGUH JUSTICE, SUPREME COURT
MRS. (DR.) ABIMBOLA DEJONWO
MR. IBRAHIM DEJONWO
MISS BIDEMI DEJONWO
MR. TOKUNBO DEJONWO
AGBAJE ADIAT ADENIJI
WHETHER THE DECLARATIONS MADE BY THE COURTS BELOW WERE RIGHT
The pronouncements made by the two courts below on who is or is not entitled as beneficiary to the estate is completely outside the purview of the question before the courts and are, therefore, of no consequence. The conclusion I finally arrive at is that the Court below by the declarations and order made by it has done complete justice to the parties and has correctly in my respectful view decided the issue raised by the Originating Summons.
This is an appeal against the decision of the Court of Appeal (Lagos Judicial Division) given on 21st July 1993 whereby the Court below allowed in part the Plaintiff’s appeal to it and made some consequential orders which I shall set out later in this judgment. The Plaintiffs, still dissatisfied have further appealed to this Court.
Following the death intestate of Otunba Adebayo Dejonwo on 13th November 1989, the Plaintiffs who described themselves as widow and elder brother respectively of the deceased took out an originating summons for an order
‘Directing the Probate Registrar to take appropriate step or steps to enable Plaintiffs/Applicants obtain grant of Letters of Administration and proceed to administer the Estate of the above named Otunba Dejonwo (deceased).’
The Defendants herein were named as Defendants to the Summons. The defendant quite expectedly, opposed the order sought by the plaintiffs. In the affidavits and counter-affidavits placed before the trial Court, it was disclosed:
(i) that the deceased died survived by eight children born of eight different mothers;
(ii) that the 1st and 2nd defendants are two of these eight children;
(iii) that the 1st Plaintiff is the mother of Abayomi Dejonwo, one of the eight children
(iv) that at all times relevant to these proceedings, Abayomi Dejonwo was a minor:
(v) that the 1st Plaintiff was lawfully married to the deceased on 26th October 1977 but the marriage, following divorce petitions filed by both parties, was dissolved by decree nisi on 16th May 1986.
(vi) that of the eight children surviving the deceased only Bidemi Dejonwo and Tokunbo Dejonwo who are 1st and 2nd defendants respectively in these proceedings were adults at the commencement of these proceedings in the High Court.
The learned trial judge after a consideration of all the facts placed before him in the affidavits and counter-affidavits sworn to by the parties, dismissed the originating summons. Being dissatisfied with the dismissal the plaintiffs appealed to the Court of Appeal. That Court after a consideration of the argument advanced by both parties allowed the appeal in part. The Court affirmed the findings of the trial court that the 1st plaintiff was not a widow of the deceased, her marriage to the deceased having come to an end before the death of the deceased. This finding notwithstanding, the Court below held that the 1st plaintiff as the mother of Abayomi Dejonwo who was a minor at the time of the proceedings was entitled to be granted letter of administration in respect of the estate of the deceased in order to protect the interest of her child. The Court also found that the 2nd plaintiff as an elder brother was equally entitled to be granted letters of administration. The Court however found also that these two were not the only ones entitled to letters of administration but that the 1st and 2nd defendants being adult children of the deceased were equally entitled to letters of administration in respect of the estate of the deceased. Consequently the Court set aside the decision of the trial High Court dismissing the originating summons and in its stead made the following declarations and order.
(1) Since the last application for the said grant by the Respondents was stopped by a caveat entered by the 1st Appellant in May 1992 prior to filing the Originating Summons there is no other application for the grant before the trial Court. Therefore the 4 persons named above should submit a fresh application to the trial Court for the grant of letter of administration to them accordingly.’
In this Court the defendants filed a Respondent’s Notice. Realising that this was a wrong procedure, they moved this Court to deem the Notice, as amended as cross-appeal. When the application came up for hearing and realising the futility of it, learned counsel for the defendants withdrew it and it was accordingly struck out.
‘(1) Whether the Court below was right in law when it held that the seven children born to the deceased by seven different women who were never married to him under any applicable law in Nigeria, have sufficient interest in the estate of the deceased to enable them join in the administration of his estate.
The defendants in their own brief settled by their learned counsel Anaelokwu Etuka Esq., a number of issues were set out but as most of these issues are unrelated to the grounds of appeal but more in support of the futile cross-appeal, they will be ignored by me in the determination of the appeal.
At the oral hearing of the appeal, Mr. Kehinde Sofola SAN argued strenuously to show that on the death of the deceased, the 1st plaintiff was still his wife notwithstanding the decree nisi that was made by the High Court on 16th May, 1986. Learned Senior Advocate referred to section 58 (5) of the Matrimonial Causes Act to support his argument. Mr.Etuka for the defendants submitted that there was a decree absolute by operation of law which took effect on 28/3/89 before the death of the deceased and that, therefore, the 1st plaintiff was not his wife on the date of his death.
It would appear that both courts below with respect and the parties lost sight of the main issue raised by the Originating Summons by which the plaintiffs originated the proceedings leading to this appeal. The Originating Summons sought an order directing the Probate Registrar to take appropriate step or steps to enable plaintiffs/applicants obtain grant of letters of administration and proceed to administer the estate of the deceased Adebayo Dejonwo. The purpose of the summons was not to determine who was the widow or who were entitled as beneficiaries to a share in the estate. Unfortunately the whole energy appear to have been directed to this latter issue. The order made by the Court below that plaintiffs and the 1st and 2nd defendants should submit a fresh application for the grant of letters of administration would, in my view, enure to the benefit of the plaintiffs as regards the relief sought by them in the originating summons. The fact that the 1st and 2nd defendants have been added by the Court below to join them in the administration of the estate would not, in my respectful view, administration of the estate would not, in my respect view,prejudice the relief they sought. It is not disputed that the deceased had seven other children whose interest too have to be protected. Learned Senior Advocate Kehinde Sofola Esq., did not dispute this when the question to that effect was put to him by the Court. The conclusion I arrive at then is that this appeal is completely futile. The pronouncements made by the two courts below on who is or is not entitled as beneficiary to the estate is completely outside the purview of the question before the courts and are, therefore, of no consequence.
The conclusion I finally arrive at is that the Court below by the declarations and order made by it has done complete justice to the parties and has correctly in my respectful view decided the issue raised by the Originating Summons. This appeal therefore, is of no merit and I unhesitatingly dismiss it. I however, make no order as to costs.
M.L. UWAIS, CJN.
I agree that this appeal has failed. The decision of the court below is in my view, unimpeachable and I affirm it. My learned brother, Ogundare JSC., in the lead judgment, just read, has considered the relevant issues for the determination of this appeal and I agree with his conclusion. Consequently I dismiss this appeal and make no order as to costs.
S.U. ONU, JSC.
A.I. IGUH, JSC.
I have had the privilege of reading in draft the judgment just delivered by my learned brother, Ogundare JS C. and I agree entirely with the reasoning and conclusions therein. I do not think there is anything more I can usefully add.
I too, accordingly, hereby dismiss the appeal with no order as to costs.
Kehinde Sofola SAN , (S. Oyejose with him) for the Appellants.
Etuka (Miss G.M.R. Ubom with him) for the Respondents.